What is permaculture? One definition states it is the conscious design and maintenance of agriculturally and culturally productive systems which have the diversity, stability, and resilience of natural ecosystems. Whatever your definition may be, one of the really incredible features of permaculture is its adaptability to different fields, from agriculture, horticulture, architecture, and ecology to socio-economic structures such as land access strategies and legal systems. Bill Mollison and David Holmgren are considered the “fathers of permaculture” for working together to develop this integrated system of ecological design. They created permaculture to have global applications, to integrate disparate schools of thought, and to create local, on the ground change that is meaningful to people and the earth.
Some of the overarching aims of permaculture are to re-forest the earth, reclaim and rebuild the soil, grow food where people are, sequester carbon to balance the biosphere, create regenerative culture, catalyze a global grassroots movement, planetary healing, restorative justice, education for self-reliance, and more. Permaculture design is based on ethics and ecological principles. The first six permaculture principles are introduced in this lesson.